Major Conferences and Journals
Computer Vision:
IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence (PAMI)
International Journal of Computer Vision (IJCV)

International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV)
Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)
European Conference on Computer Vision (ECCV)
Other Computer Vision Conferences

Computer Graphics:
International Conference on Computer Graphics and Interactive Techniques(SIGGRAPH)
Conference of the European Association for Computer Graphics(Eurographics)
ACM Transactions on Graphics(TOG)
IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics (TVCG)

Augmented Reality:
International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality(ISMAR)

Paper Lists

Research and Study Websites

Open Sources
 - Library of programming functions for real time Computer Vision by Gary Bradski and and his colleagues at Intel
 - Computer Vision Source Code Collections by CMU's Robotics Institute

Peter's Functions for Computer Vision
MATLAB and Octave Functions for Computer Vision and Image Processing by Peter Kovesi
Shai Bagon's Matlab Code - MATLAB Wrapper for Sketching the Common, Graph Cuts, ANN, Mean Shift, EDISON etc. by Shai Bagon

3D Reconstruction:
SBA - A Generic Sparse Bundle Adjustment C/C++ Package by Manolis Lourakis and Antonis Argyros
SSBA - Simple Sparse Bundle Adjustment by Christopher Zach
Bundler - Structure from Motion (SfM) for Unordered Image Collections by Noah Snavely
PMVS2 - Patch-based Multi-view Stereo software - version 2 by Yasutaka Furukawa and Jean Ponce
CMVS - Clustering Views for Multi-view Stereo by Yasutaka Furukawa and Jean Ponce
SceneLib - Real time Monocular SLAM by Andrew Davision
Vincent's SFM Toolbox for MATLAB by Vincent Rabaud

3D Tracking:
PTAM Parallel Tracking and Mapping: a camera tracking system for augmented reality by Georg Klein

Camera Calibration Toolbox for Matlab by Jean-Yves Bouguet 

Feature detection and matching:
VLFeat  - SIFT,MSER, k-means, hierarchical k-means, agglomerative information bottleneck, and quick shift 
SIFT Demo  - Closed-source by David Lowe
SiftGPU - A GPU Implementation of Scale Invariant Feature Transform (SIFT) by Changchang Wu
SURF  - Speeded Up Robust Features, original implementation, closed-source by ETHz's Computer Vision Laboratory
OpenSURF  - An opensource implementation of SURF by Chris Evans

Graph Cut:
Code for Optimization with Graph Cuts by Olga Veksler

Other Useful Links
The Middlebury Computer Vision Pages
Yet Another Computer Vision Index To Datasets (YACVID)
How to Avoid The Reviewer's Axe